Mobile version m.edwardtbabinski.us
"History of the Christian Church" by Henry C. Sheldon of Boston University, Thomas Y. Crowell and Company, New York ©1895

Main Index

All variations on the original Sheldon History volumes including text revisions, greek art files associated with the text and revised format ©2005

Catherine of Aragon

(1485-1536) Queen of England and first wife of Henry VIII, fourth daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, King and Queen of Castille and Aragon.

Catherine of Aragon
Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII.

Catherine of Aragon holds a prominent place in England's history, due to the fact her matrimonial relation with Henry was a factor in the English reformation. In pursuance of foreign policy, Henry VII. negotiated a marriage between his son Arthur, Prince of Wales and Catherine. Catherine went to England in 1501, and in November, following the public betrothel, the marriage was celebrated. Prince Arthur died April 1502, and a few months following, a second marriage was projected for Catherine by her father-in-law, with his second son, Henry, who was only 12 years of age. Through papal dispensation, in 1504 permission for such near relatives to marry was granted. The marriage took place in June 1509, upon Henry's accession to the throne as Henry VIII.

The marriage failed because Catherine bore only one daughter, Mary, and no son that survived.

From 1527, Henry worked to secure nullification of his marriage with Catherine, and to arrange marriage to Anne Boleyn, that might bring him a male heir to succeed him. Despite Henry VIII.'s doubts about the legality of the marriage contract, the Pope refused to act. In defiance, Henry married Anne Boleyn in secret, January 25, 1533. On May 23rd, Archbishop Cranmer declared the marriage with Catherine void, and on March 23, 1534 Pope Clement prounounced it valid, resulting in Henry's alienation.

Catherine of Aragon in Court
Trial of Catherine of Aragon before the papal representatives in 1529, to decide if the marriage were legal between her and Henry VIII. (watching from the background).

Catherine was closely guarded at Ampthill, in Bedfordshire, afterward at Buckden and then at Kimbolton Castle, Huntingdonshire. During this time she displayed courage and refused the King and his agents to sign away her royal rights, or those of her daughter Mary. Catherine died at Kimbolton, after dictating a letter of forgiveness to King Henry.

References

  • Funk and Wagnalls Encyclopedia, ©1950
  • christian history (90) church history (90) christianity (84) Early Church (49) Historian (44) history of the christian church (43) Roman Empire (21) Catholicism (17) Judaism (15) Reformation Movement (13) apologetics (12) apologist (12) reformation (12) American History (11) Early America Religion (10) Roman Catholic (9) early christianity (9) holy roman empire (9) Apostles (7) Bishop (6) History Religion (6) Roman Catholic Persecution (6) Rome (6) heresy (6) luther (6) German Reformation (5) Paul (5) Pope (5) Protestants (5) catholic church (5) Great Revival (4) Martyrdom Christians (4) Reformation Era (4) inquisition (4) philosophy (4) religion (4) Church of England (3) Constantine (3) England (3) Great Awakening (3) Jerome (3) Martin Luther (3) Origen (3) Reformation in France (3) Reformation in Germany (3) catholic (3) celibacy (3) church (3) cleric (3) greek philosophy (3) heathenism (3) heretic (3) martyrdom (3) protestant (3) Augustine (2) Bullinger (2) Calvinism (2) Catharine de Medici (2) Charlemagne (2) Diocletian Persecution (2) Emperor (2) European History (2) Eusebius (2) French Revolution (2) Miracles (2) Native Americans (2) Persecution of Protestant Christians (2) Presbyter (2) Protestant Movement (2) Reformation in Europe (2) Saxons (2) Scotland (2) Skepticism (2) Spanish Inquisition (2) Swiss Reformation Movement (2) Thomas Paine (2) Wesley (2) administration early church (2) africa (2) armenia (2) calvin (2) catholic inquisition (2) christian church (2) christian critic (2) clergy (2) early america (2) eucharist (2) heresies (2) hierarchy (2) history (2) john huss (2) modern church (2) organization in early christian church (2) persecution (2) reformers (2) roman emperors (2) sects (2) slavery (2) superstition (2) waldenses (2) Alfred the Great (1) Ambrose (1) Amyrant (1) Anabaptists (1) Anatolius (1) Anglo-Saxons (1) Anne du Bourg (1) Anthony Collins (1) Antinomianism (1) Antonio Brucioli (1) Apostolic Constitutions (1) Arabian (1) Arian Controversy (1) Arminian movement (1) Athanasius (1) Baier (1) Baptist History (1) Baptists (1) Baron des Adrets (1) Basil and the two Gregories (1) Basilica (1) Benjamin Franklin (1) Berthold Haller (1) Bishop Ken (1) Bishop of Milan (1) Blaise Pascal (1) Boniface (1) Book of Common Prayer (1) Bossuet (1) Bourdaloue (1) Britons (1) Brunelleschi (1) Byzantine (1) Byzantine Empire (1) Calov (1) Calvin of Geneva (1) Carloman (1) Carlovingian (1) Carlovingians (1) Castelnau (1) Charasmatic (1) Charles Blount (1) Charles Martel (1) Charles V. (1) Charles the Bald (1) Christian II. (1) Christian architecture (1) Christianity History Scotland (1) Chrysostom (1) Church Government (1) Church Reformation (1) Church and Government (1) Chysostom (1) Coccejus (1) Columba (1) Columbkille (1) Concubines (1) Constantinople (1) Cornelius Jansenius (1) Council of Blood (1) Council of Florence (1) Council of Trent (1) Daillé (1) Dannhaner (1) Deism (1) Deist (1) Deity (1) Diana of Poitiers (1) Diet of Worms (1) Dominican Sylvester Prierias (1) Donatello (1) Duke George of Saxony (1) Dutch Republic (1) Ebionite (1) Edict of Nantes (1) Elizabeth (1) Emperor Theodosius (1) Eric the Red (1) Federal Theology (1) Five Mile Act (1) Formula of Concord (1) Francis II (1) Franks (1) Franz von Sickingen (1) Ghiberti (1) Gnostic (1) Gnosticism (1) Gospels (1) Gothic (1) Greece (1) Greek Church (1) Greek Hymns (1) Greek recension (1) Gregory (1) Gregory Nazianzen (1) Guise brothers (1) Gustavus (1) Gustavus Erichson (1) Heidelberg Catechism (1) Henry IV. (1) Hilary of Poitiers (1) History of Catholicism (1) History of Religion (1) History of the Huguenots (1) Hobbes (1) Hollaz (1) Huguenots (1) Hypatia of Alexandria (1) Ignatius Loyola (1) Independents (1) Irenaeus (1) Isaac Newton (1) Isaac Watts (1) Islam (1) Ivan the Terrible (1) Jacobites (1) Jansenism (1) Jansenists (1) Jesuits (1) John Calvin (1) John Gerhard (1) John III. (1) John Knox (1) John Locke (1) John Milton (1) John Wesley (1) Jonathan Edwards (1) Justinian (1) King James (1) Koran (1) König (1) Latin Hymns (1) Lawrence Olaf Peterson (1) Leif (1) Leo X. (1) Leo the Great (1) Letters concerning Toleration (1) Lollards (1) Lombards (1) Louis de Berquin (1) Luther Bible (1) Luther's translation of the Bible (1) Marcus Aurelius (1) Martyr (1) Martyrdom of Christians (1) Mary Stuart (1) Mary Tudor (1) Massillon (1) Maurice (1) Maximilian I (1) Melanchthon (1) Menno Simons (1) Merovingian dynasty (1) Methodism (1) Michael Angelo (1) Michael Servetus (1) Mohammad (1) Mohammed's influence (1) Murder of Henry IV. (1) Myconius (1) Napoleon Bonaparte (1) Napoleon France (1) Nicolo Pisano (1) Nicon (1) Novatian schism (1) Oecolampadius (1) Olaus and Laurentius Petri (1) Orphan House at Halle (1) Pallavicino (1) Paradise Lost (1) Pauline doctrines (1) Pepin (1) Pergutory (1) Peter Viret (1) Peter the Great (1) Philip Jacob Spener (1) Philip V. (1) Plymouth colony (1) Polycarp (1) Pope Gregory the Great (1) Presbyterian (1) Presbyterians (1) Priests (1) Principia (1) Prophecy (1) Protestant Hymnology (1) Protestant Italian martyrs (1) Protestant Movement France (1) Protestant martyrs (1) Prudentius (1) Publius Lentulus (1) Puritan Controvery (1) Puritans (1) Quakers (1) Quakers persecution (1) Queen Anne (1) Quenstedt (1) Ravaillac (1) Reformation in Britain (1) Religious Intolerance (1) Renaissance (1) Reprobation (1) Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1) Revolution of 1688 (1) Richard Simon (1) Roman Catholic barbarity (1) Roman Catholic vs. Protestant (1) Roman Emperor (1) Samuel Hopkins (1) Saracens (1) Scotland Church History (1) Seventh Day Baptists (1) Sir Isaac Newton (1) Skeptical Writings in Christianity (1) Sophronius (1) Spain (1) Spain and early america (1) Spanish Conquest (1) Speaking Tongues (1) Syriac recension (1) Theodoret (1) Thomas Bradbury (1) Transylvania (1) Ulrich Zwingli (1) Unitarianism (1) United Presbyterian Church (1) Unity of denomination (1) Universalism (1) Vow of Chastity (1) Westphalia (1) Whitefield (1) William Farel (1) Witchcraft (1) Zurich Consensus (1) Zwickau (1) Zwingli (1) abolition of slavery (1) alemanni (1) anthony (1) anti-slavery movement (1) apostles creed (1) arabia (1) arianism (1) athanasian creed (1) augustus (1) auto de fe (1) auto de fé (1) baptism (1) barbarism (1) beginning of reformation (1) bethlehem chapel (1) bigotry (1) bishops (1) bohemian (1) bohemian reformer (1) burning aztec libraries (1) calvinists (1) catholic faith (1) ceasar (1) celtic christianity (1) christening (1) christian (1) christian sects (1) christianity legalized (1) christopher columbus (1) church fathers (1) classic renaissance (1) classic revival (1) colony of Massachusetts Bay (1) concubinage (1) confession (1) copernican theory (1) cottian (1) creed of chalcedon (1) creed of constantinople (1) decadence (1) deistic creed (1) deistical writers (1) discovery of the america (1) early church fathers (1) early controversies (1) eastern hymn (1) ecumenical creed (1) effect of the great awakening (1) eighteenth century europe (1) emperor sigismund (1) emperors rome (1) english bible (1) episcopal office (1) episcopal rank (1) erasmus (1) eternal hell (1) evangelism (1) excommunication (1) first christian emperor (1) fourteenth century (1) frederic ii (1) galileo (1) gaul (1) germanic barbarians religious beliefs (1) germanic gods (1) germanic warriors (1) goths (1) greek scholarship (1) gregory ix (1) gregory xii (1) gustavus adolphus (1) heathen conversion (1) henry iv (1) heretical doctrine (1) heretics (1) history of christian church (1) holy see (1) human sacrifice (1) hymnology (1) iconoclast (1) iconoclasts (1) india (1) indulgences (1) infant baptism (1) innocent iii (1) innocent iv (1) intolerance in early christianity (1) italian renaissance (1) jewish books (1) john wycliffe (1) judaism's influence on early christianity (1) justification by faith (1) knighton (1) latin (1) libanius (1) lords day (1) magi (1) massacre at Vassy (1) midieval church (1) mosaic law (1) neo-platonism (1) nero (1) nicene creed (1) opposition to slavery early america (1) origin of Huguenots (1) origin of monasteries (1) origin of sunday schools (1) pagan gods (1) pantheon (1) papal bull (1) paul iv (1) peace (1) peasant revolt (1) pelagianism (1) periods in the church (1) persia (1) plantonic philosophy (1) plato (1) polygamy (1) pope sylvester (1) prague (1) predestination (1) prelate (1) presbyters (1) priest (1) priest duties (1) prominent deists (1) protestant writings in italy (1) protestantism (1) reformers history (1) reinerus (1) religious rites (1) restoration of the roman empire (1) reuchlin (1) revelation (1) roman emperor persecution christian (1) roman rulers (1) sabbath (1) sacred (1) salve conductu (1) sancta synodus (1) savoyard vicar (1) scandinavian eddas (1) sceptical movement (1) schism (1) self torture religious (1) settlement of america (1) seventeenth century (1) sick bed baptism (1) signs (1) sins (1) sir walter raleigh (1) sixteenth century (1) skeptical movement (1) spread of islam (1) structure in early christian church (1) sylvius (1) system (1) tertullian (1) theological (1) theology (1) thirteenth century (1) thirty years war (1) thomas jefferson (1) thomas more (1) three periods (1) translation (1) translation of New Testament (1) translators (1) transubstantiation (1) treaty of Passau (1) trinity (1) universities (1) voltaire (1) waldensian (1) war (1) wiclif (1) women in holy roman empire (1) women in mediaeval europe (1) wycliffe (1) wycliffes writings (1) year roman emperor took power (1) zoastrianism (1) Ægidius of Viterbo (1) Æneas sylvius (1) Œcolampadius (1)